In the course of implementing EIA under these systems, the need for an integrated system/standardized rule was recognized. Political and Economic Environment in Japan. AU - Asano, Toshihisa. Land reclamation requires heavy construction work, bulldozers, scrapers, excavators, continuous operation digging machines, concrete pourers etc. To achieve this, the Japanese Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) encouraged farmers to grow wheat and soybeans in place of rice, and introduce more market-oriented pricing policies for dairy, vegetable, and livestock products. The Consulate believes many sectors of the Kyushu/Yamaguchi economy offer promising opportunities. Some reclamation projects began as early as the 12th century, but it was post-WWII when the majority of land reclamation was undertaken. The peasants acquired more land and liberty, and control by landlords was reduced, although it was replaced by village restrictions. Land reform - Land reform - Mexico: The Mexican reform of 1915 followed a revolution and dealt mainly with lands of Indian villages that had been illegally absorbed by neighbouring haciendas (plantations). Through such measures and other administrative reforms, the bureaucracy's influence over the economy has diminished but by no means been eliminated completely. Some impacts of land reclamation activities are comparable to the impacts of disposal of dredged material at sea, e.g. China says it has undisputed sovereignty over wide swaths of the South China Sea, a claim that overlaps with those of a number of other countries, including Vietnam and the Philippines. Land reclamation refers to the activity of building more land or adding land area to a small island (or islet) or reef, making it bigger and more habitable. Kansai consumers, who have a reputation for being demanding, have also helped make the region a key test market for new products in Japan. Land reclamation can occur by either the process of poldering or by raising the level of a seabed or a low lying field. The land reclaimed is known as reclamation ground or land fill.. Rice remains Japan’s major crop, but falling consumption has led to chronic surpluses. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences: Elsevier. 10.3 Environmental Impacts of Peat Reclamation. Northern Japan's two main international airports — Chitose (Sapporo) and Sendai — have good passenger and cargo handling capacities and are eager to develop more international routes. AU - Ito, Tatsuya. Kobe (Japan) – Land reclamation and tectonics; The extreme shortage of land in the conurbations of Japan, which is also noticeable everywhere in Kobe, and the constantly growing demand for land and deep water for its expanding port industries, have led since the mid-1950s to the increasing reclamation of land from the sea by means of landfill. This innovative spirit has created some of the world’s most profitable companies, with nine Kansai companies included in Fortune’s recent list of the world’s highest-earning corporations. In fact, land reclamation can easily mean turning lakes and parts of oceans into a groundcover. The program will shift responsibility for production planning from MAFF to farm co-ops, increase subsidies to large farmers, and open domestic rice distribution to more players. The impacts of land reclamation activities are … Prezi’s Big Ideas 2021: Expert advice for the new year; Dec. 15, 2020. Japan has a fully developed physical infrastructure of roads, highways, railroads, subways, airports, harbors, warehouses and telecommunications for distribution of all types of goods and services. Official statistics show that the number of foreign visitors to Hokkaido grew by 20.4 percent to 710,950 people in 2007 compared to 590,650 in 2006. These transshipment costs — and high transportation costs in Japan, in general — can add significantly to the costs of shipping products from the United States to seaports and airports in northern Japan. Land reclamation in the wetlands of the Žuvintas biosphere reserve resulted in a number of negative consequences: Land abandonment Part of drained land appeared to be not suitable for intensive agriculture or forestry and currently is abandoned and overgrown by trees and bushes. Investments by some of the region’s largest companies in areas such as LCD/plasma flat-panel displays, photovoltaic cells, and lithium battery production helped account for this total. Bundled-up Bernie: 'Anti-fashion' Sanders sparks inauguration meme storm, Tokyo court backs ban on Japanese holding dual nationality, Biden and Trump deliver vastly different messages. Growing economic ties with the Russian Far East and the prospect of future development in Russia's oil and gas sector have led to regular commercial flights between Hokkaido and Sakhalin. Hokkaido residents, however, are not predominantly farmers with only 5.2 percent of Hokkaido's 2.8 million jobs in farming. Though domestic protection is still strong, market access has improved over the years via persistent negotiations in the WTO by the United States and others that forced Japan to eliminate some of the agricultural market access barriers for which it was once famous. Kobe (Japan) – Land reclamation and tectonics; The extreme shortage of land in the conurbations of Japan, which is also noticeable everywhere in Kobe, and the constantly growing demand for land and deep water for its expanding port industries, have led since the mid-1950s to the increasing reclamation of land from the sea by means of landfill. Whether you are looking for reclamation or construction sand, International Mineral Resources has extensive knowledge with an experienced team from ground extraction and processing to transport and shipping. This is the topic of one of my term papers in Spring 2018 semester. the creation of new islands), the process to reclaim land was made especially stringent, requiring the purpose of reclaimed land to be of pivotal national benefit and in the national interest, with the In 2007, about 11.5 percent of all U.S. agricultural, forestry and fishery products exports, valued at $11.6 billion, were destined for Japan. The role of government institutions in the economy has been changing over the past decade as the central government pursues a long-term program of administrative reform and deregulation. Some knotty regulatory barriers and discrimination still exist, and when a company cannot solve such problems by itself or through its legal advisers in Japan, the U.S. Government stands ready to help. Bangladesh, being the world's eighth most populous country, truly needs more land for its burgeoning population. Japan’s self-sufficiency rate in food production is likely to further decrease since Japan’s farm population is rapidly aging, with more than 70 percent of farmers over 60 years of age and few young people willing to go into farming. 10.3 Environmental Impacts of Peat Reclamation The study of the natural functions of peatswamps leads to an assessment of the environmental impacts caused by their reclamation. However, it’s highly controversial because of the impact it would have on the surrounding environment. Northern Kyushu also boasts nearly 10 percent of Japan's automobile output, with Toyota, Nissan, and Daihatsu operating state-of-the-art final assembly facilities, and Honda has an advanced motorcycle plant in the region. If you're not sure how to activate it, please refer to this site. Land reclamation is most simply done by adding material such as rocks, soil and cement to an area of water; alternatively submerged wetlands or similar biomes can be drained. The reclamation of land from surrounding waters is used in Singapore to expand the city-state's area of usable and natural land. On Tuesday, China said it had completed some of its reclamation work and would begin to build facilities for a range of civilian purposes, as well as “necessary military defense needs.”. The reason given is that Japan's land mass is insufficient for constructing needed farmland, factories, event halls, airfields, and other such facilities; or that there is a need to reinforce the relationship between such facilities and the ocean. Phytoplankton is the base of the aquatic food chain/web. The number of tourists visiting Okinawa continues to grow steadily. Hokkaido's economy mostly depends on services (71.3 percent of the workforce) and construction (19 percent). Despite the economic downturn, good prospects exist for U.S. firms in alternative energy consumer goods, automotive parts (particularly ones focusing on electric or hybrid vehicles), motorcycle, aerospace, manufacturing equipment and systems, intelligent transportation systems (ITS), environmental remediation, and business aviation. In the last year and a half, China has added around 800 hectares to seven reefs in the area, creating a platform with the potential to host military installations, such as airstrips and radar towers. Under the present legal system, environmental impacts are usually assessed on condition that reclamation plans are given clearly. The following checklist which is not complete and does not cover all possible conditions may serve a useful purpose by indicating areas justifying attention: BEIJING – China on Friday said it was “dissatisfied and concerned” by Japanese criticisms of its land reclamation projects in the South China Sea as reported in the outline of a forthcoming defense report. However, it’s highly controversial because of the impact it would have on the surrounding environment. ... Land reclamation can even affect sea currents in the region in subtle ways. Dec. 30, 2020. TYPES OF LAND RECLAMATION EMPOLDERING (within singapore) ADVANTAGES Japan has few natural resources, and trade helps it earn the foreign exchange needed to purchase raw materials for its economy. area gets more accessible for human use and for resource extraction In 2007, northern Japan's direct imports from the United States totaled approximately $2.1 billion. However, MAFF has recognized that its goals for 2010 are unrealistic, given the decline in the Japanese agricultural sector over the past 10 years and has extended the deadline until 2015. Kyushu has a strong agricultural sector, producing about 20 percent of Japan's agricultural output, and ranks first in Japan in livestock output. More than $1.6 billion in additional U.S. imports to northern Japan also entered Japan through Tokyo, Yokohama and Osaka before being transshipped to their final destination in the north. While occupying only 11 percent of Japan’s total land area, the Kansai has a population of 24 million people (19 percent of Japan’s total), concentrated primarily in the cities of Osaka, Kobe and Kyoto. There are several impacts that land reclamation has had on coastal ecosystems: 1. The land reclaimed is known as reclamation ground or land fill.. The U.S. Commercial Service Osaka-Kobe provides an extensive array of products and services designed to help U.S. companies capitalize on opportunities here. One large-scale public investment project in the works is the "Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology (OIST)," a project that the prefectural government hopes will play a major role in the economic and social development of Okinawa in coming years. However, what is more important is that Governor Onaga determined that the approval of the permit given by his predecessor, Nakaima Hirokazu, was illegal to begin with. By Japanese standards, Okinawa's market is relatively small but there are still significant opportunities for U.S. businesses. Whilst land reclamation receives increasing attention as a feasible urban solution for coastal development, conclusions on the social and economic effects of reclamation … Dubbed Japan's "Silicon Island", Kyushu accounts for 25 percent of Japan's total production of semiconductors. Since reclamation is of such a large scope (e.g. This upturn is mostly attributable to an increase in the number of foreign tourists. Its members come from more than 1,200 companies, and its 60- plus committees and sub-committees are highly visible lobbyists for U.S. business interests. The aim of the legislation is, in part, to weaken the nexus between individual ministries and the industries they regulate. land reclamation has been ongoing almost non-stop since then without giving rise to any dispute ... Land Reclamation and its Political Impact Introduction Environmental insecurity in Southeast Asia, ... Japan and other developed countries. Bangladeshhas 42 square miles of reclaimed land along its coastlines. Its economy is highly efficient and competitive in areas linked to international trade, but productivity is far lower in protected areas such as agriculture, distribution, and services. impacts of land extension 3. Japan's industrialized, free market economy is the second-largest in the world. area is extended to increase agricultural land, make land available for industries or make ports larger. There are two types of land reclamation … The Effects of the Earthquake Disaster : Land reclamation in the wetlands of the Žuvintas biosphere reserve resulted in a number of negative consequences: Land abandonment Part of drained land appeared to be not suitable for intensive agriculture or forestry and currently is abandoned and overgrown by trees and bushes. Political and Economic Environment in Japan, GlobalTrade.net - Import Export Services, International Trade Resources, View folder Business Environment in Japan. Such factors are often beyond the control of individual farmers and for this reason appropriate policy decisions and corrective measures become the responsibility of respective governments. A large-scale application of land reclamation has occurred at Rotterdam. Landing fees at the Narita and Haneda airports in Tokyo are approximately 50 percent higher than New York's JFK airport. A sector of growing interest is environmental products and services. Originating as a fourteenth-century settlement along a small peat river, Rotterdam eventually grew into Europe’s largest seaport. It has been shown that, in some cases, reclamation of land can lead to deterioration of the aquatic environment in the sea. Economic Overview. Authors: Marloes van Ginkel | Theo N. Olsthoorn. In this study, soil and hydrological properties in an upland field catchment, which was reclaimed partially from a forest catchment, were compared with another forest catchment. Hence, properties of reclamation in port districts were investigated. In FY 2005, Kansai's GRP (Gross Regional Product) was ¥101.1 trillion ($923 billion at $1=¥110). Sponsored contents planned and edited by JT Media Enterprise Division. In this regard, this session reviewed various dimensions of land reclamation: history and current status, political economic drivers of land reclamation, the importance of preserving wetlands as migratory The Economic/Commercial Section of the U.S. Consulate in Fukuoka has been actively assisting U.S. businesses and promoting their interests in the region for over 40 years. Japan - Japan - Religion: The indigenous religion of Japan, Shintō, coexists with various sects of Buddhism, Christianity, and some ancient shamanistic practices, as well as a number of “new religions” (shinkō shukyō) that have emerged since the 19th century. GlobalTrade.net - Import Export Services, International Trade Resources © 2014. On a bigger scale, land … Through land reclamation, an area gets more accessible for human use and for resource extraction. Disruption of the food chain/web. stormwater flooding. These two firms are continuing to build new factories but have begun to alter investment plans in Iight of the sudden drop in consumer demand. We support his decision and demand that the Japanese Land reclamation, usually known as reclamation, and also known as land fill (not to be confused with a waste landfill), is the process of creating new land from oceans, seas, riverbeds or lake beds. Reflecting the deepening economic crisis in late 2008, however, major digital appliance manufacturers such as Kansai-based Sharp and Panasonic announced steps to decrease production and reduce spending. It is Japan's undisputed center of government, business, higher education, information, media, fashion, and culture. Kansai’s regional rail network includes an extensive metro and bullet train service that connects Osaka, Kobe, and Kyoto to major cities in Japan. In addition, major urban renewal schemes completed or underway in metropolitan Tokyo have contributed to lower land and business costs in recent years. The reclamation of land from surrounding waters is used in Singapore to expand the city-state's area of usable and natural land. The systems relating to port and harbor planning, reclamation, power plants and the Shinkansen (super-express train) were established later around 1980. After achieving one of the highest economic growth rates in the world from the 1960s through the 1980s, the Japanese economy slowed dramatically in the early 1990s, when the "bubble economy" collapsed, marked by plummeting stock and real estate prices. In post-war Japan, land reclamation has been carried out nationwide with relative ease. Land reclamation, usually known as reclamation, and also known as land fill (not to be confused with a waste landfill), is the process of creating new land from oceans, seas, riverbeds or lake beds. T1 - Some environmental issues caused by large-scale land reclamation projects. While occupying only 11 percent of Japan’s total land area, the Kansai has a population of 24 million people (19 percent of Japan’s total), concentrated primarily in the cities of Osaka, Kobe and Kyoto. Not one of the religions is dominant, and each is affected by the others. 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