By extension, "holly" is also applied to the whole genus. It needs moist soil to thrive and shouldn’t be allowed to dry out. The majority of these are dioecious, so they require both a male and female plant within pollination distance of each other in order for the female to produce fruits. 750-1050)-language text, Articles containing Low German-language text, Articles containing Italian-language text, Articles containing Occitan (post 1500)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2017, Pages using authority control with parameters, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 16:05. Plants are a hugely important part of Christmas, from our trees and holly wreaths to our festive foods. Only 13 left in stock. The berries are a food source for birds, but those which do not get eaten will persist through to winter, providing vibrant color to the winter garden. Holly can be evergreen or deciduous and range greatly in size and shape. When planted right and in the right spot, holly trees are one of the easiest and long-lived trees you'll ever grow. It is a deciduous plant, losing its leaves at the end of fall to reveal a skeleton of silver-gray branches. Christmas Tree Economics: Are Baby Boomers Killing the Christmas Tree Industry? Uses of holly. It was thought to be unlucky to cut down a holly tree. Scientific Name: Ilex aquifolium ‘Ferox Argentea’. Holly can contain caffeic acid, caffeoyl derivatives, caffeoylshikimic acid, chlorogenic acid, feruloylquinic acid, quercetin, quinic acid, kaempferol, tannins, rutin, caffeine, and theobromine. The foliage is deep green, narrow, and smooth-edged, with tips that are flushed with red in spring. Holly trees and bushes encompass more than 400 plant species. The foliage grows from dark purple stems, and is small, glossy, and very spiny, like a hedgehog. The berries should not be ingested and can cause stomach irritation if eaten. The tree is densely branched and has a beautiful symmetry to it. Holly plants are the ideal choice for adding colour to a shady spot in your garden. This shrub has slender evergreen foliage from which masses of tiny greenish-white flowers bloom in late spring and early summer. They are especially dangerous in cases involving accidental consumption by children attracted to the bright red berries. Having evolved numerous species that are endemic to islands and small mountain ranges, and being highly useful plants, many hollies are now becoming rare. The branches and twigs were also utilized by American Indians since they contain caffeine. Home; About Us ; Blog; FAQ; Gift Card; Sale; Contact Us; 0800 066 5972;; 0. However, they are an important food source for birds and other animals, which help disperse the seeds. Less prickly hybrid hollies. It is a deciduous plant, losing its leaves at the end of fall to reveal a skeleton of silver-gray branches. Suggested plants to pair this with in order to encourage pollination and result in fruiting is male blue holly plants such as ‘blue prince’ and ‘blue stallion.’. Holly’s big plant family includes hundreds of varieties that range from 70-foot-tall trees to petite shrubs less than a foot tall. It includes species of trees, shrubs, and climbers, with evergreen or deciduous foliage and inconspicuous flowers. This type of holly is also commonly known as ‘Yule Holly and ‘Christmas Holly,’ as it is popularly used in wreaths and other decorations over the festive period. The foliage is quite large, around three inches in length, and is ovate with toothed edges. Blue Princess holly is a female cultivar of the blue holly group, and appropriately, its male pollinator counterpart is called \"Blue Prince\" holly. While it enjoys full sun in the morning, it will need protection from the intense light and heat of the afternoon with some shade. [9][10] The name "holly" in common speech refers to Ilex aquifolium, specifically stems with berries used in Christmas decoration. For other uses, see, Powell, M., Savolainen, V., Cuénod, P., Manen, J. F., & Andrews, S. (2000). Scientific Name: Ilex x rutzan ‘Red Beauty’. rugosa). Some species produce fruits parthenogenetically, such as the cultivar 'Nellie R. Stevens'. [14] Both are related to Old High German hulis, huls,[15] as are Low German/Low Franconian terms like Hülse or hulst. It is a genus of small, evergreen trees with smooth, glabrous, or pubescent branchlets. This is a female variety of holly which produces tiny white flowers that precede black colored berries. We may earn a commission for purchases using our links. These were brewed to make teas, consumed in large quantities, and then vomited back out. These plants make excellent privacy hedges, fabulous focals, and are great in groups! [5][6][7][8], Ilex in Latin means the holm-oak or evergreen oak (Quercus ilex). Trustpilot. This evergreen holly has an upright habit and dense growth pattern and can take the form of a small tree or large shrub. This is an excellent choice for a pruned privacy hedge. English holly (I. aquifolium), a tree growing to 15 metres (nearly 50 feet) tall, bears shining spiny dark evergreen leaves and usually red fruits. Holly guide: why it has leaves in winter, and which plants have berries. You can start cuttings taken from a healthy tree and start several new holly trees without paying for anything besides sterile potting soil and the materials needed to grow the cuttings indoors. American holly (Ilex opaca), a broadleaf evergreen that has leaves, not needles grows as an upright, pyramidal tree in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 9. Like all holly plants, the American holly tree is dioecious, which means that a plant will either be male or female. Holly plants are a popular native to Britain and has a long-standing association with Christmas time, with branches often used to make wreaths and other accessories. The Druids held that "leaves of holly offered protection against evil spirits" and thus "wore holly in their hair".[36]. The somewhat taller American holly (I. opaca) has oblong prickly leaves and usually red fruits. This compact male holly shrub has an upright habit. This bush is easy to take care of and makes a wonderful addition to the winter garden. People can easily recognize this plant with its green leaves with bright red berries – but there is a lot of variety within the genus, too. FREE Delivery. This plant has an architectural look, with an upright growth habit that forms a tall and slender column shape which does not need to be pruned. The dark green spiny leaves have a glossy texture and keep their color throughout every season. They are extremely important food for numerous species of birds, and also are eaten by other wild animals. At a mature height of between six and ten feet, with a spread of between four and five feet, this shrub works well as hedging and offers year-round interest. The berries persist all through winter, looking exceptionally striking on the skeletal frame of the tree once all the leaves have dropped. The genus Ilex includes about 480 species,[2] divided into three subgenera: The genus is widespread throughout the temperate and subtropical regions of the world. Leaves of other species, such as gallberry (I. glabra) are bitter and emetic. This shrub has a vigorous growth habit and will thrive in a wide range of soil types, though it prefers a well-draining and slightly acidic soil. This is an incredibly decorative type of holly, the winter branches of which are commonly used as decorating throughout the festive season. It occurs from sea level to more than 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) with high mountain species. See more ideas about holly tree, holly bush, plants. Afterwards, dig … It has dark green, ovate leaves with minor serrations around the edge. The fossil record indicates that the Ilex lineage was already widespread prior to the end of the Cretaceous period. [18] The laurel forest covered great areas of the Earth during the Paleogene, when the genus was more prosperous. These leaves will transform into a purple-yellow color in fall, before turning entirely yellow and falling to the ground. [28] In general little is known about inter-species variation in constituents or toxicity of hollies. Many of the then-existing species with the strictest ecological requirements became extinct because they could not cross the barriers imposed by the geography, but others found refuge as a species relict in coastal enclaves, archipelagos, and coastal mountains sufficiently far from areas of extreme cold and aridity and protected by the oceanic influence. There are spineless and yellow-fruited forms of both species. [24][25], Holly berries can cause vomiting and diarrhea. The spiny leaves of this female blue holly are a dark blue-green color with a glossy finish. The French word for holly, houx, derives from the Old Low Franconian *hulis (Middle Dutch huls). Amazon's Choice for holly tree plants. This is where the holly gets its botanical species name of Ilex vomitoria. The inconspicuous flower is greenish white, with four petals. In the autumn of this first year (about September/October) transplant the young trees into 1- or 2-litre pots, taking care not to disturb the roots too much. [20] of the family Aquifoliaceae, now transferred to Ilex on molecular data;[21] it is closely related to Ilex amelanchier.[22]. These plants are considered Meserve hybrids, developed by amateur horticulturist Kathleen Kellogg Meserve as the hardy standard holly in garden centers and nurseries everywhere. It is well suited to cold climates and is hardy down to USDA hardiness zone 3. The flowers are sometimes eaten by the larva of the double-striped pug moth (Gymnoscelis rufifasciata). Ilex aquifolium, the holly, common holly, English holly, European holly, or occasionally Christmas holly, is a species of flowering plant in the family Aquifoliaceae, native to western and southern Europe, northwest Africa, and southwest Asia. Depending on the species, holly can be evergreen or can be a deciduous holly. Oakland™ Holly - Christmas Tree Shaped Screening Plant - In this video I talk about and plant an Oakland™ Holly from the Southern Living Plant Collection. In the Harry Potter novels, holly is used as the wood in Harry's wand. The type species is Ilex aquifolium, the common European holly used in Christmas decorations and cards. Holly Trees are plants of the Ilex genus that grow into a tree shape rather than a bush shape or are large plants. Any variety of male blue holly (Ilex x meserveae) can be used to pollinate the red beauty holly, which will result in juicy round red berries. Despite the Linnaean classification of Ilex as holly, as late as the 19th century in Britain, the term Ilex was still being applied to the oak as well as the holly – possibly due to the superficial similarity of the leaves. 99. [16], Several Romance languages use the Latin word acrifolium, literally "sharp leaf" (turned into aquifolium in modern time), so Italian agrifoglio, Occitan grefuèlh, etc. This male holly is a dwarf variety that grows to between three and six feet tall. During the first year in pots, your holly seedlings will grow up to 20cm in height. The species are evergreen or deciduous trees, shrubs, and climbers from tropics to temperate zones worldwide. With the arrival of spring comes a mass of tiny creamy green flowers, which on female plants will develop into bright orange-red berries if pollinated by a male holly. The fruits ripen in winter and thus provide winter colour contrast between the bright red of the fruits and the glossy green evergreen leaves. [12] This shrubs' leaves are a glossy, dark green color with a bluish cast to them and are moderately spiny. Among them was an exotic holly introduced from Madeira, Ilex perado, and this had much larger green leaves and scented flowers. Holly, or Ilex, is a plant genus made up of many hundreds of species. Since medieval times the plant has carried a Christian symbolism,[38] as expressed in the traditional Christmas carol "The Holly and the Ivy", in which the holly represents Jesus and the ivy represents the Virgin Mary. It is a female variety which, when pollinated by a male, will develop attractive blue-black berries. Just make sure that the tree gets at least 3 to 6 hours of early morning or afternoon sun. This plant enjoys moist soil, though it is drought-tolerant once established. It has a slow growth habit, forming a loose round shape with its many slender branches. The type species is the European holly Ilex aquifolium described by Linnaeus.[3]. Special Features: Winter hardy to low temperatures. This type of forest extended during the Neogene, more than 20 million years ago. Popular Searches. Both a male and a female plant are required for the female plants to produce red … Also known as ‘meadow holly,’ this is a loosely branched tree that forms a wide, open, rounded shape. Aug 26, 2019 - Explore The Tree Center's board "Holly Trees", followed by 14240 people on Pinterest. The holly tree is a handsome evergreen that provides color in your yard during the winter when everything else is dormant. Hedgehog holly can adapt to a partially shaded position, but variegated varieties like this do tend to perform better in full sun. [13] In the autumn and early winter the fruits are hard and apparently unpalatable. Nearly all of these variations can be sorted into four basic groups: English holly (glossy, spiny foliage); American holly (similar to its English cousin, but with duller leaves); Chinese holly (large glossy, spineless varieties); and hybrid holly. When planting your Holly Tree, it is important that you pick a spot that gets at least 6 to 8 hours of full sunlight per day and has well-drained soil. Plant trees. They are produced on purple stems along with small white blooms in spring. £19.99 £ 19. Buy Holly plants online for fast UK delivery with a 2yr guarantee! [34], Holly – more specifically the European holly, Ilex aquifolium – is commonly referenced at Christmas time, and is often referred to by the name Christ's thorn. Most of the last remaining temperate broadleaf evergreen forests are believed to have disappeared about 10,000 years ago at the end of the Pleistocene. £4.95 delivery. Tiny white flowers appear on this female holly bush in the spring, which will develop into bright red round berries in the fall if the blooms were pollinated by a male holly bush. Holly Trees are the only genus remaining in the family Aquifoliaceae, the others going extinct. However, some varieties of it, such as Yaupon Holly, are suitable for USDA Zone 7 to 11. They are great for privacy hedges, anchoring, and specimen and group plantings. Foliage is dark deep green, with a creamy white margin around the outer edges. [26] Ingestion of over 20 berries may be fatal to children. The greatest diversity of species is found in the Americas and in Southeast Asia. Ilex altaclerensis Golden King, Holly Hardy Tree, 1x in 9cm Pot by Thompson and Morgan (1) £12.99 £ 12. This mechanism is called allopatric speciation. Learn more. After being frozen or frosted several times, the fruits soften, and become milder in taste. Potted Hardy Garden Plant Holly Standard Tree, Evergreen, Year Round Interest Low Maintenance, 1 x Ilex Little Rascal 2 Year Old Plant in a 1.5 Litre Pot by Thompson & Morgan (1) 4.7 out of 5 stars 5. Learn how to tell the difference between male and female plants, plus which birds are protective of holly trees. The "bones" contain up to ten seeds each. The type species is Ilex aquifolium, the common European holly used in Christmas decorations and cards. The sharpness of the leaves help to recall the crown of thorns worn by Jesus; the red berries serve as a reminder of the drops of blood that were shed for salvation; and the shape of the leaves, which resemble flames, can serve to reveal God's burning love for His people. This led to reproductive isolation, an example of ecological speciation. Based on the molecular clock, the common ancestor of most of the extant species probably appeared during the Eocene, about 50 million years ago, suggesting that older representatives of the genus belong to now extinct branches.
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