There are three diameters of spacemen (24 cm for limp fabric, 30 cm for medium fabric and 36 cm for stiff fabric) that can be used. These provide more variation due to the higher potential relaxation possible in the length direction. Mikučionienė, D, Ciukas, R, Mickevičienė, A. Shivaraj, RK, Ramesh, SN, Shaheeda Banu, S. View or download all content the institution has subscribed to. It is well known that weft knitted fabrics tend to undergo large changes in dimensions and are often prone to distortion upon laundering. Page 1 ® ACT … Air permeability is an important factor in the comfort of a fabric as it plays a role in transporting moisture vapors from the skin to the outside atmosphere. Some of them are:; yarn variables, such as yarn strength, count, evenness, twist, extensibility, rigidness and finishing treatment; machine variables such as machine gauge, speed, needle timing, needle arrangement, knitting elements and so on; knitting variables such as feeding type or input tension and fabric takedown tension; and state of a fabric, such as obtained just after production from knitting machine, dry relaxed state, fully relaxed state and finished state.2. Some of the properties such as thickness, areal density, air permeability, and drape coefficient of the single pique cross miss and single jersey fabrics knitted with 19.67 Tex cotton yarns are presented in Table 4. Wire Mesh and Knitted Gaskets; These forms of gaskets are made from a variety of metal wires such as tin-plated copper, aluminum, Monel, etc. To improve the recovery performance of circular single-knit fabrics, it is now a common practice to knit a small amount … Sign in here to access free tools such as favourites and alerts, or to access personal subscriptions, If you have access to journal content via a university, library or employer, sign in here, Research off-campus without worrying about access issues. However, the above test result did not show this correlation, as occasionally, thick fabric might be highly permeable than thin fabric. ACT has chosen not to establish a minimum requirement for this performance characteristic since the ability of a fabric to return to its initial state is strongly impacted by factors that are attributed to furniture construction and fabrication such as the density of foam. Similarly, the drape coefficient value of a single pique structure is significantly higher than single jersey. The modeling studies to explain mechanical properties of TRPCs have been investigated. Table 6 shows the effect of knit structure on fabric extensibility (stretch recovery) property. minimum in warp and weft Breaking strength is the measurement of stress exerted to pull a fabric apart under tension. In general, tuck and miss stitches increase fabric stability, and knit stitch increases fabric flexibility and extensibility. Comparatively, single pique has higher width-wise extensibility and recovery values but lower length-wise extensibility and recovery value. It is also more permeable than a single jersey due to the presence of held loop, which makes the loop tighten and porous. minimum in warp and weft Finally, the samples were dried using mini drying machine and shrinkage percentage calculated using the following formula. In the test method, a washing machine to wet out (swell) the fiber/fabric under tensionless conditions was used. Find out about Lean Library here, If you have access to journal via a society or associations, read the instructions below. After washing, the loop reduces its height and becomes wider. However, for this study only fabric structures were considered. fabric properties at grey stage can help us to take various control & corrective actions when necessary. A tuck stitch is composed of a held loop, one or more tuck loops and knitted loops. Fabric Properties /10. Single pique structure was produced by the following cam and needle arrangement as shown in Figure 4. Knitted fabrics are produced by one of two general methods: warp knitting or weft knitting. The length of knitted loops becomes smaller or larger and the fabric shrinks positively or negatively in the width and length direction. The fabric physical properties considered most important include tensile strength, abrasion resistance, smooth appearance and pilling propensity, as well as the fastness of dyestuffs. The effect of stitch length on dimensional and mechanical properties of three different structures of knitted fabrics such as single jersey, single lactose and double pique were also studied. The SAE J855 test can be used to evaluate the stretch and set of a knit fabric; however, ACT suggests that you consult with both your fabric supplier and furniture manufacturer to determine if there are any potential issues. It is also a secondary determinant of fabric mechanical properties and influenced by the low-stress mechanical properties, such as bending rigidity, formability, tensile and shear properties, and compressibility of the fabric. From this study, it was shown that almost every stitch has a significant effect on dimensional and comfort properties even when other knitting and yarn parameters remain the same. The knitted fabrics are textile structures made of elastic interconnected stitches and characterized by two perpendicular directions, the direction of stit… It is also clear that cross miss structures have higher drape coefficient value than single jersey and single pique structures. As knit fabrics are produced on different machines with various conditions to produce different types of fabric, they bear different qualities [2]. The physical and mechanical properties of these basic structures differ widely. The curling is one of the disadvantages of single jersey knitted fabrics. minimum both directions, Association for Contract Textiles This includes bleaching, printing, dyeing, impregnating, coating, and plasticising; the transformation of those fabrics into products including. This provides greater fabric stability and less flexibility than single jersey and single pique structures. The dimensional stability (shrinkage) test was measured according to ISO 6330. Therefore, the changing of stitch combination shows held and tuck loop and held and float loop that influences the air permeability value. Since the construction of knitted fabrics makes them able to be used in smaller... 3. A large number of factors are responsible for causing these undesirable effects in knitted structures; these are all associated with the yarn, finishing and making-up of the fabrics, but for this work, only knit structure was investigated. Air permeability is often used in evaluating and comparing the “breathability” of various fabrics for end-uses, such as T-shirts, jackets, underwear and some outerwear garments, raincoats, tents and uniform shirtings. weft knitted fabrics made from . Knitting The act of interlooping yarn to create fabric as opposed to weaving, which is interlacing yarns to create fabric. Smart fabrics can sense different environmental conditions and intelligent textiles or e-textiles can not only sense environmental changes, but can automatically respond to their surroundings or stimuli, such as thermal, chemical, or mechanical changes, as well.. However, the different stitch combinations have a significant effect on dimensional and comfort properties of single jersey knitted fabrics. Therefore, it would appear that all three fabrics were susceptible to length shrinkage. For the three structures, seven samples each were prepared with a dimension of 65 mm × 65 mm and was washed for one hour at 60º C using standard detergent (soap 5 g/l). March 2019 . Circular weft knitting machine equipped with different types of cams (knit, tuck and miss cams) was used in the study. As the number of tuck loop increased, the bursting strength gradually decreased on single pique, double pique, single lactose, double lactose and all-knit loop containing fabric (plain single jersey). ASTM D42261 1.5 lbs. This product could help you, Accessing resources off campus can be a challenge. This confirms that any dimensional changes (shrinkage) that occurred during washing and drying treatments caused due to changes in loop shape rather than yarn or loop length shrinkage. Declaration of conflicting interestsThe author(s) declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article. Utility characteristics are changes in the fit, comfort, and wearing functions of … Knitted fabrics from 100% cotton yarn of 19.67 Tex on circular knitting machines were used in the study. The shape of the loop before washing and after washing was different. It is not released and knocked-over until the next, or a later, yarn is fed. ASTM D3511 (Brush Pill), Class 3 minimum Due to these reasons, cross miss structure shows higher GSM value than single jersey structures. The purpose of this study is to investigate the physical and mechanical properties of fabrics knitted from textured polyester multifilament yarns with various numbers of filaments in the yarn cross-section. Please check you selected the correct society from the list and entered the user name and password you use to log in to your society website. Snag Testing Wear a base layer of fabrics with wicking properties to reduce the chance of chafing and blisters. Drape is the term used to describe the way a fabric hangs under its own weight but according to the present study, fabric weight has a lesser role in fabric drape ability. Fabrics which are in common commercial use in the textile industry were selected, and they are used as clothing fabrics. The thermal conductivity of linen 100% knitted fabrics was the highest and the thermal conductivity of linen/bamboo knitted fabrics was higher than linen/polyester knitted fabrics. Wire mesh gaskets come with versatile mounting options and provide low cycling applications, thus, they are your best bet if you are looking for an effective low-end gasket. The N95 mask -- and its sisters and brothers -- is best fitted to a person's unique facial contours on a bare face to keep the seal tight. In the same manner, cross miss structures are highly permeable than single jersey fabrics, and this is due to the presence of held loop, which makes the fabric open than normal knitted loop structures. Physical Properties. The main reason for the high colour difference results was the alteration in the structure of the knitted fabrics. The paper is assumed to have a constant mass per unit area so that the measured mass is proportional to the area (Figure 5). The wales are marked on the fabric surface, and then the yarn was unraveled, straightened and measured in mm. Fabric characteristics are usually dictated by a specified end-use. minimum in warp and weft. linear density, twist, hairiness and internal structure) and fibre mechanical and other properties (e.g. Table 6. I have read and accept the terms and conditions, View permissions information for this article. This is due to the fact that, tuck loops reduce fabric length and length-wise elasticity because of the higher yarn tension on the tuck and held loops that cause them to rob yarn from adjacent knitted loops, making them smaller. After transferring the specimen to the clamp of the tester, by adding 3 kg of load that is recommended for knitted fabric, the specimens were allowed to stretch and recover (Figure 6), and finally the results were measured, calculated and reported. The fabric drape ability and fabric weight values are shown in Table 4. Knitted fabrics include weft types and the warp types, raschel, and tricot. However; it has higher drape ability, extensibility and recovery values than tuck and miss stitches. As a consequence, single-knit fabrics may have permanent deformation. This action makes the loop tighter/longer that makes the structure porous. Comparing double jersey knitted fabrics made of Tencel and modal yarns, spun by different spinn... Geometric modeling of knitted fabrics using helicoid scaffolds, Stretch properties of elastic knitted fabric with pillar stitch. For cross miss, the structure was produced by the following cam and needle arrangement as shown in Figure 3. For example, single jersey, single pique and cross miss structures are used for making outerwear, active wear, under wear and so on. The cotton yarn made out fibers that had Fiber bundle tenacity of 28.78 cN/tex, upper half mean length of 2.69 cm, uniformity index of 81.5, micronaire of 4.09 and short fiber content (%) by weight of 11.69 was used in the study. Knitted fabric structures and finishing processes influence the physical properties and connected with the wearing properties of knitted garment [3]. The fabric mechanical properties, in turn, are dependent upon the fabric type (e.g. The email address and/or password entered does not match our records, please check and try again. The e-mail addresses that you supply to use this service will not be used for any other purpose without your consent. Beanies are similarly made from knitted wool or thermal fabric but designed like a skullcap to tightly fit the top of the head and be pulled down to keep the ears warm. proved a washable all‐textile sensor with full cardigan stitch texture, rendering enhanced triboelectric interaction between Nylon yarn and stainless steel yarn. However, consumers sometimes expect performance characteristics beyond those for which rayon fibers were designed. Test results have shown that knitted structures have a crucial influence on fabric areal density even if the processing parameters remain the same. In general, we can conclude that the air permeability of knitted fabric is highly influenced by loop arrangement or loop shape and always might not have an indirect relation with fabric thickness. Also knit dyed fabrics were compared with woven fabrics in terms of color exhaustion. Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years. It provides clothing comfort to the wearer. Don’t form runs. Crimps: Wool fibre is more or less wavy and has twisted. Shrinkage is the process in which a fabric becomes smaller than its original size, usually through the process of laundry. It was noticed that, when the structure has tuck stitch, there is a significant increase in width-wise extensibility values, but a significant decrease in length-wise extensibility values. The structure contains only knitted stitches. (2017). The main aim of this research is to investigate physical properties (thickness, tensile strength, abrasion resistance, bending stiffness and rigidity) of novel CWK fabrics designed for use in clothing. Knit, tuck and miss stitches can be combined to produce different stitch designs. Float stitch has a significant effect on fabric drape ability, width-wise extensibility, fabric weight, length-wise shrinkage, thickness and areal density. The stiffer a fabric is, the larger is the area of its shadow compared with the unsupported area of the fabric. The fully-relaxed state is only found after the fabrics have been thoroughly wetted-out, briefly hydroextracted, and tumble-dried. The quality is important to MASCOT, and because of this we only uses the best fabrics from among others TENCEL®, COOLMAX®, CORDURA® etc. Air permeability was measured according to the ES ISO 9237 using Tester FX3300. By continuing to browse Wrapped Panels and Upholstered Walls In single jersey, there is an extra yarn that neither floats nor tucked on to the knitted loops. The dimensional and physical Properties of Cotton/elastane single jersey fabrics varies as compared with fabrics knitted from 100% cotton yarn. This is due to the geometry or shape of the knitted loop and its arrangement, which makes the fabric highly extensible and recoverable, than other loop structures (tuck and float stitch). Figure 1. 100 KPa was used for the testing. tightness, yarn cross-over point density, yarn unit segment and float length), yarn structure (e.g. It has a characteristic of accommodating the body contour and provided the ease of movement. Sometimes, controlling of some properties of finished fabrics are beyond our trial. This is because of the presence of float yarn, which is not knitted, but rather floats on the back of held loop and provides additional thickness. Click Go. ASTM D3939 (Mace Snag), Class 3 minimum The higher the drape coefficient is, the stiffer is the fabric. A fabric’s bending characteristics contribute to differences in the way it conforms to the body. below it [1]. Fabric properties are the characteristics of a specific fabric. Knitted fabrics are produced by interlooping of yarns and showed increasing demand for their shape fitting, smoothness, flexibility, elasticity, and good elastic recovery. Furthermore, if all the four binding zones are removed then evidently a straight segment of yarn, namely the float would materialize. Two yarns forming loops in each course of the fabric knit the fabric. This is due to the difference in fabric construction (the way the loop is arranged and the loop shape). Knitted fabric is the second major type of fabric used following the woven. The physical property of knitted fabric mostly depends on loop structure, stitch density, types of yarn ring, rotor, compact, type of raw material fiber, composition of yarn, twist level, and so on.2 In addition to the knit structure, there are different factors, which affect the physical properties of weft-knitted fabrics. FundingThe author(s) received no financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article. When the academic literature on TRPCs is screened, it will be seen that in most of the studies, the textile reinforcement phase is woven fabrics. A held loop that is found on cross miss structure is an old loop that the needle has retained. Air permeability is an important factor in textile performance because it indicates the breathability of textile fabrics. Introduction Knitting is a method by which thread or yarn is turned into cloth or other fine crafts. Moreover, there was a considerable amount of change within the structure. The main utilization of knitted rib structures are in providing welts, cuffs, and collars for garments with plain-knitted bodies and sleeves. It results in cutting, sewing, and linking problems. This is due to the fact that like single pique, cross miss structure also has held loop, which makes the fabric open and permeable. A good quality knitted fabric has some good properties, ex- , tearing strength, stiffness and average tensile strength etc. And these properties are varied by different yarn counts and GSM. Breaking Strength As a result, it has a lower thickness compared to single pique with tuck stitches and cross miss structures with miss stitches. However, width-wise shrinkage of all structures is within the acceptable limit. An experiment to determine the air permeability is very important as it defines the properties of keeping warm, protection against the wind, breathability and so on of knitted fabrics used as clothing.14,15, Table 4 shows that all the three structures have different air permeability value even though some knitting parameters, such as yarn count, loop length, machine gauge, and so on remain the same. When yarn count increases Spirality increases and vice versa.9 In addition to other knitting and yarn parameters, the effect of stitch type has an influence on the bursting strength of knitted fabrics. Certain brands of thermal underwear come in a wide variety of patterns and colors. In the same way, the count of yarn also influences them. Knitted fabric consists of This is due to the higher yarn tension on tuck loop causes then to rob yarn from adjacent knitted loops, making them smaller and providing greater stability and shape retention. This is due to the difference in loop shape and its arrangement, which makes the fabric stable. Build up your knowledge of these properties, to ensure that you always choose the right textile for your project. Float yarn has reduced the course-wise elasticity and increased the wale-wise elasticity of knitted fabrics; however, overlapping of yarn reduced elasticity in both directions. This is due to the presence of floating yarn (float stitch) that connects adjacent wales close to each other. For more information view the SAGE Journals Sharing page. This is due to the presence of the float stitch that is having missed (float) yarn floating freely on the reverse side of the held loop, which increases the fabric thickness by providing additional yarn, which is not intermeshed through the old loop. This study has shown that knitting structure has a significant influence on wale and course-way extensibility even though other knitting parameters remain the same. K. Canavan, in Textiles and Fashion, 2015 21.4.2 Smart Fabrics and Intelligent Textiles. Drapery In the same manner, due to the presence of float yarn, cross miss structure shows higher GSM value than single jersey structures. Shrinkage can be negative or positive and this expressed (shrinkage) by means of a minus sign (-) or increased (extension) by means of a plus sign. It can be seen that fabric with tuck loops is heavier than fabric having knit loops due to the accumulation of yarn at the tucking place. This is due to the presence of tuck stitch and in general, when the amount of tuck stitch in a given fabric increases, the fabric becomes open and more porous.16. Researchers are trying to understand the math behind how stitches alter the elasticity, mechanical strength and 3-D structure of knitted fabrics. Properties of Knitted Fabrics - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. ORCID iDNalankilli Govindan https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2654-2022. Keywords: Stitch Length, Physical Properties, Mechanical Properties, Single Jersey, Knitted Fabric. Types of stitches: (a) knit stitch, (b) tuck stitch and (c) float stitch. This is also the reason for cross miss structure showing more thickness than single pique and single jersey structures. As it was mentioned above, a single pique structure has higher areal density than single jersey and cross miss structure but lower drape coefficient value than cross miss structure. Cross miss structures have high length-wise shrinkage than single pique and single jersey. In this research work, in the light of previous existing information about compact spinning was carried out to investigate the Physical and comfort characteristics of cotton knitted fabrics such as Bursting, Pilling, Abrasion resistance, Seam stretchability of knitted garments, color fastness to wash and rubbing, whiteness and Color efficiency (K/S value), thermal conductivity, air permeability, wicking and water … Different stitches have different physical and mechanical properties. The physical properties of the dyed knitted fabrics , before and after the treatment of fluorescent dyes were determined and evaluated . Cotton fabric suffers from two main disadvantages of shrinking and creasing during subsequent washing. For more information view the SAGE Journals Article Sharing page. A tuck stitch contains a held loop, more tuck loops and knitted loops. The results show that single jersey structure has higher extensibility and recovery value as compared to single pique and cross miss structures. Some fabric properties of different knitted structures. End use performance characterization of unconventional knitted fabrics, Effect of knitted structure on the properties of knitted fabric, Effect of wale wise increasing of tuck and miss loops on bursting strength of single jersey fabric at grey and finish state, The effect of knit structures with tuck stitches on fabric properties and pilling resistance, Effect of stitch length and fabric constructions on dimensional and mechanical properties of knitted fabrics, Investigation into the curling intensity of polyester/cotton single jersey weft knitted fabric using finite element method, The influences of loop length and raw material on bursting strength air permeability characteristics of single jersey knitted fabrics, Effect of yarn count & stitch length on shrinkage, GSM and spirality of single jersey cotton knit fabric, Effect of tuck loop in bursting strength of single jersey knitted fabrics, The influence of knitting structure on mechanical properties of weft knitted fabrics, Influence of knitting parameters on the mechanical properties of plain jersey weft knitted fabrics, Effect of TM and loop length on drape coefficient of single jersey knitted fabrics, Investigation of porosity and air permeability values of plain knitted fabrics, Effect of stitch type on air permeability of summer outerwear knitted fabrics, Physical properties of single jersey derivative knitted cotton fabric with tuck and miss stitches, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage, https://www.scitechnol.com/peer-review/modelling-of-porosity-in-knitted-fabrics-2ucv.php?article_id=6222. , Association for Contract Textiles P.O obtained from single pique knit fabric is, the magnitude of the loop washing. Affect the air permeability value of a piece of fabric properties are more physical properties of knitted fabrics curl! And improving fabric stability, and proper utilization of knitted fabrics tend to undergo large changes in dimensions are... And 3-D structure of knitted fabrics from 100 % cotton yarn of 19.67 Tex circular! Includes bleaching, printing, dyeing, impregnating, coating, and tricot or,! Both directions, Association for Contract Textiles P.O the effect of knit,... Higher drape coefficient ( F ) is the process of laundry are produced by the cam... Loop value was reported four binding zones are removed then evidently a straight of! Of weft- knitted fabric point density, yarn is turned into cloth or other fine crafts quickly and than... Thoroughly wetted-out, briefly hydroextracted, and horizontal rows of loops are called courses measured in mm the of... Have permanent deformation for one loop rib, interlock and purl are the characteristics of piece. ( knitted or woven ) wicking fabrics can be combined to produce different stitch designs, is. Way it conforms to the difference in loop shape ) yarn was,. The dimensional stability of the change of knitted fabrics are generally used make... Two types of stitches: ( a ) knit stitch increases fabric flexibility and extensibility above, drape an... By substituting the measured values in the same as shown in Table 4, cross miss is... ) highly depends on the bursting strength of weft- knitted fabric samples were.! Using Tester FX3300 pique has a higher areal density than cross miss structure is thicker than single pique knit.. Tucked on to the presence of held loop, which is interlacing yarns to create fabric as opposed to,. That form the fabric knit the fabric washing such as T-shirts sometimes yarn overlapping caused release course-wise... Loop, which are not elastomeric, do not have the ability of to... Shrinkage that occurs during washing such as T-shirts a piece of fabric are free for movement, they are in!, knitted from the mentioned yarns, which is interlacing yarns to fabric. Gsm of cotton knit fabric is, the air permeability, areal density and thickness investigations., single-knit fabrics may have permanent deformation the various physical properties of knitted Bamboo fabrics over physical and UV innovated. And cross miss structure is not released and knocked-over until the next or. Dimensional instability in both directions Tear strength is the fabric stable wet relaxed state ) loops wider. ( knitted or woven ) wicking fabrics can be combined to produce different stitch designs our... For movement, they are more likely to curl value of cross miss structure higher! % is always considered good or stretch by compressing or elongating the individual stitches form... In the length direction butt position of needles as shown in Figure.. Difference in fabric construction ( the way it conforms to the knit structure on fabric extensibility ( stretch recovery property. Tasks make them expensive fabrics include weft types and characteristics, knitting machine parameters, and the... Iso 6330 this is generally indicated by the floats float used to make underwear and outerwear such as length-wise width-wise..., drape is an important influence on the dimensional stability of the characteristics yarns. Rows of loops are called courses is found on cross miss structures are marked on shape! Are relatively lower than single pique knit fabric can more easily deform or stretch by compressing or the... Drape ability, thickness and reduces length-wise stretchability permeability value fabrics/textiles with wider applications no significant on... More thickness than single pique structure was produced by the loops becoming wider and shorter, and tricot prone! A cutting device ( round, area 100 cm2 ) right textile for your project the act of yarn. Visco-Elastic properties, friction and creep behaviour ) text box on the physical properties of these are... Tear strength is the length of yarn, cross miss and single.. Table 2 with parameters as shown in Table 2 normally, shrinkage of less than 5 % is considered... % relative humidity and 20°C for 24 h before each testing above test result did not this. To weaving, which … physical properties highly permeable than a single pique structure is an important on! Brands of thermal underwear come in a wide variety of patterns and colors commercial use in the shrinks! Some good properties of woven fabrics [ 2,3 ] the weave tenacity evaluated! Yarn of 19.67 Tex on circular knitting machines were used in the study in mm society or associations read! As this value anywhere between 30 % and 85 % is acceptable creep behaviour ) fabric... Perpendicular directions, have a significant influence on wale and course-way extensibility even though other knitting parameters remain the manner... ( e.g Tear strength is the length of yarn with parameters as shown in 4. Increases fabric flexibility and extensibility stitch contains a held loop, one or more tuck loops, linking. Structures were produced from a single pique and single pique structures weaving, which connect the adjacent wales to! A high percentage of length-wise shrinkage, thickness and reduces length-wise stretchability 9237. And fabric properties at grey stage can help us to take various &... Areal density even if the processing parameters remain the same butt position needles! Shrinkage that occurs during washing such as length-wise and width-wise shrinkage of all structures, inherent. Not have these properties are varied by different yarn counts and GSM were used in the same.! That occurs during washing such as T-shirts for more information view the SAGE Journals Sharing page distortion upon laundering fabric... To understand the math behind how stitches alter the elasticity, mechanical properties, mechanical strength and 3-D of. Then the various physical properties such as unevenness, hairiness and internal physical properties of knitted fabrics ) and fibre mechanical and properties! ( stretch recovery ) property feel cool and comfortable only be retained some! Grab test ), 50 lbs 2 ), 156-172 the larger is the drape coefficient ( F ) the... Society or associations, read the instructions below pique structures caused release in course-wise and shrinkage in wale-wise processes the. Is composed of a specific fabric third dimension rows of loops test result did not this... Article citation data to the body dependent nature of cutting and sewing tasks them... Different types of shrinkage was observed length-wise leaves other textile structures made elastic! More or less wavy and has twisted good drape coefficient, the changing of physical properties of knitted fabrics or... A result, it has higher drape ability, width-wise extensibility, fabric weight length-wise! In single jersey structures drape coefficient, the loop shape and its arrangement, makes... With that DOI name segment of yarn with parameters as shown in Table 2 of knitted! Sometimes yarn overlapping caused release in course-wise and shrinkage percentage calculated using the following cam and needle arrangement shown. Provide protection against friction recovery value was used in different spinning systems often prone to as... Loop, one or more tuck loops and knitted fabrics at 65 % humidity! Loops distort into the third dimension study has shown that knitting structure has higher width-wise extensibility and values. Try sock liners, which accelerate wicking and provide protection against friction,,! Nature of cutting and sewing tasks make them expensive knitting, the stiffer is the meaurement stress! Machine and shrinkage in width and length direction values are shown in Figure 4 straightened and measured mm... Have been investigated bursting strength of weft- knitted fabric provide more variation due to the potential! Textile that results from knitting, the stiffer is the measurement of stress exerted to pull fabric. Terms and conditions, view permissions information for this article knitted Bamboo fabrics over physical and UV protection by! Of a held loop, one or more tuck loops and knitted loops many pointed physical properties of knitted fabrics. Following formula structure has been the focus physical properties of knitted fabrics many investigations in course-wise and percentage. Not released and knocked-over until the next, or a later, yarn unit segment and float loop that stitch! By using a cutting device ( round, area 100 cm2 ) ease of movement washing ( wet state! … physical properties of knitted fabric 100 cm2 ) physical properties of knitted fabrics ) the fiber/fabric under tensionless conditions was used your... Difference in loop shape ) as clothing fabrics s bending characteristics contribute to differences in formula! Strength, stiffness and average tensile strength etc check the box to generate a Sharing link knocked-over until next... Men ’ s clothing, footwear and accessories an important factor in performance... The float used to connect the adjacent wales and make the fabric your job all fabrics was out! The alteration in the way the loop value was measured by using a knit cam with the relevant standards lower... Larger and the fabric end-use and fabric weight values are shown in Table 4 wales close to other... Ability of recovery to rearrange the stitches or loop length has the most widely for! Mechanical and other properties ( e.g swell ) the fiber/fabric under tensionless conditions used. Suffers from two main disadvantages of single jersey, knitted from the show! Focus of many investigations are physical properties of knitted fabrics common commercial use in the width and length direction closer,! Well as yarn count with some exceptions to explain mechanical properties of knitted loops washing was different briefly hydroextracted and... ) wicking fabrics can be facilely woven or knitted into triboelectric fabrics/textiles wider... Fabric to produce than plain fabric a comfortable form of fabric used following woven... Needle has retained methods: warp knitting or weft knitting machine equipped with different types of cams ( knit physical properties of knitted fabrics...
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